Greek Sentence Structure


  1. Sentence Structure
    1. Subject: That of which something is said (He threw the ball to me.)
    2. Predicate: The part of the sentence which says something about the subject.(He threw the ball to me)
    3. Verb: (He threw the ball to me.)
    4. Direct Object: Receives the action of the verb/predicate (He threw the ball to me.)
    5. Objective Complement: renames or describes the Direct Object (He threw the round ball to me.)
    6. Indirect Object: that for which or to which the verb is done. (He threw the ball to me.)
    7. Predicate Nominative: that which is joined to the subject by a linking verb.
    8. Infinitive: A Verbal Noun which cannot take a subject. (Diagram on stilts in proper location.)
      1. Verbal Categories:
        1. Purpose
        2. Result
        3. Time (Antecedent= “Before” / Contemporaneous = “While” /Subsequent = “After”)
        4. Cause
        5. Command
        6. Absolute: Greetings in letters
      2. Substantival Categories: Used in place of a substantive.
        1. As SUBJECT of a verb.
        2. As DIRECT OBJECT of verb
        3. as MODIFIER
          1. of Substantives: Adjectival use.
          2. Of verbs: Adverbial use – (epexegetical)
    9. Clause: A group of words containing a subject and a predicate usually considered part of a sentence but when capable of standing alone can be a simple sentence.
    10. Conditional Clause: Typically an “if…then” (protasis…apodosis) sentence.
      1. If statement” = protasis (Condition)
      2. then statement”=apodosis. (result)
      3. Conditional Clauses are described by class
        1. First Class Conditional assumes protasis is true
        2. Second Class Condition assumes protasis is false
        3. Third Class Condition assumes protasis is uncertain
        4. Fourth Class Condition assumes protasis is possible but not necessarily probable.